Due to a few patents Microsoft owns in relation to Samsung’s Android Phones, Samsung owes Microsoft a certain amount of money each device sold. Recently, however, Samsung hasn’t been playing fair ball. The Korean company hasn’t paid its dues since 2012, and Microsoft thinks it’s time to pay up, hence the lawsuit. The lawsuit is over the interest owed by Samsung.
If anything, it seems this court is deciding the answer to this altercation and giving one company some bragging rights: this win will be a symbolic one for Microsoft, whose patents cover about 80% of Android phones, not a large financial one.