Elon Reeve Musk FRS is a business magnate, industrial designer and engineer. He is the founder, CEO, CTO and chief designer of SpaceX; early investor, CEO and product architect of Tesla, Inc.; founder of The Boring Company; co-founder of Neuralink; and co-founder and initial co-chairman of OpenAI.
Sold first company Zip2 to Compaq in 1999 for $340 million
Invested a portion of his windfall into X.com
X.com became Paypal. Paypal sold to eBay in 2002 for $1.5b
Owns 48% of SpaceX which is valued at $46 billion
Owns 22% of Tesla
Net Worth increased $142 billion in 2020
Once testifed that he his "cash poor" and has $500 million worth of debt
Once owned $100 million worth of real estate
Sold six LA homes in 2020
Elon Musk was born June 28, 1971 in Pretoria, South Africa. Musk bought his first computer at the age of 10 and taught himself how to program. When he was 12 he made his first software sale—a game he created called Blaster. At age 17, in 1989, he moved to Canada to attend Queen's University, but left in 1992 to study business and physics at the University of Pennsylvania. Musk graduated with an undergraduate degree in economics and continued on to earn a second bachelor's degree in physics then pursued a PhD in energy physics. He dropped out of Stanford University, however, to become a part of the internet boom.
Musk's first company, Zip2 Corporation, was an online city guide. In 1999 a division of Compaq Computer bought Zip2 for $307 million in cash and $34 million in stock options. Also in 1999, Musk co-founded X.com, an online financial services/payments company. An X.com acquisition the following year led to the creation of PayPal, as it is known today, and in 2002 PayPal was acquired by eBay for $1.5 billion in stock.
Musk founded his third company, Space Exploration Technologies Corporation (SpaceX), in 2002 with the intention of building spacecraft for commercial space travel. By 2008, SpaceX was well-established and NASA awarded the company the contract to handle cargo transport for the International Space Station—with plans for astronaut transport in the future.
Next was Tesla Motors, an automobile company dedicated to producing affordable, mass-market electric cars. Tesla was founded in 2003 by Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning. Elon along with Ian Wright and J.B. Straubel were the company's first employees and retroactively named co-founders.
With a stake in the company taken by Daimler and a strategic partnership with Toyota, Tesla Motors launched its initial public offering in June 2010, raising $226 million. In 2012, Musk and SpaceX made history when the company launched its Falcon 9 rocket into space with an unmanned capsule. In 2013, he released a concept for a new form of transportation called the Hyperloop, intended for travel at speeds greater than 700 mph to commute between major cities. As opposed to railroads, the Hyperloop would use tubes for transportation. Musk says the Hyperloop could take from 7 to 10 years to be built, tested and ready for use.
Tesla Compensation Plan
In January 2018, the Tesla board unveiled a compensation plan for Musk that could potentially be worth $100 billion. The plan calls for Musk to receive up to $100 billion in stock options over a decade in 12-tranches. The first chunk of options are granted once Tesla hits a market cap of $100 billion (roughly double the value when the plan was announced). From that point on, Elon gets another of the tranches every time the company increases in market cap by $50 billion.
Long story short, if Elon managed to grow Tesla's market cap to $650 billion, he would earn out the full $100 billion.
If he does not achieve any of the 12 tranches, he gets zero compensation. In other words, because Elon declines his base salary, he receives no compensation at all until he hits $100 billion market cap, the first milestone.
Real Estate Holdings
Elon previously owned $100 million worth of real estate in California alone. In the Northern California town of Hillsborough he continues to own a 100-year-old, 16,000 square-foot villa that sits on nearly 50-acres. He bought this house for $23.364 million in 2017.
In Southern California he at one time owned six homes in the Los Angeles neighborhood of Bel-Air. His Bel-Air footprint included a 20,000 square-foot house that he bought for $17 million in 2012, a 7,000 square-foot house he bought for $20 million in 2015 and a 9,300 square-foot house he purchased in 2016 for $24.25 million. In 2020 Elon stunned the world by announcing his intention to sell all of his worldly possessions, starting with his LA homes. True to his word, he proceeded to sell off each home. He sold four homes at once to one buyer in December 2020.
Elon has been married three times, twice to the same woman – actress Talulah Riley. He was married to Canadian author Justine Wilson from 2000 to 2008. They share five sons. He has also been romantically involved with actress Amber Heard and Canadian musician Grimes. In May 2020, Grimes and Elon welcomed a baby boy named X Æ A-Xii.
Net Worth History
On January 1, 2020, Elon's net worth was $28 billion. He ended 2020 with a net worth of $170 billion.
Elon's net worth topped $70 billion for the first time on July 10, 2020. At that point roughly $15 billion was attributable to the privately-held SpaceX and the remaining $55 billion was from Tesla.
On July 13, 2020 when Elon's net worth hit $80 billion for the first time, $15 billion came from SpaceX and $65 billion came from Tesla.
In August 2020 two important factors pushed Elon's net worth above $90 billion for the first time. First, in mid-August Tesla shares hit an all-time high of $1,900. At that level the company's total market cap was $350 billion. Elon's 20% stake was worth $70 billion. The second factor was an increased valuation of SpaceX which was officially confirmed on August 18, 2020. The fundraising round increased SpaceX's private valuation to $46 billion, up from $36 billion. At a valuation of $46 billion, Elon's 48% stake adds $22 billion in pre-tax wealth to Elon's net worth.
On November 17, 2020 Elon's net worth topped $100 billion for the first time. At that point he surpassed Mark Zuckerberg to become the third-richest person on the planet for the first time.
On November 24, 2020 Elon's net worth topped $128 billion for the first time. At that point he surpassed Bill Gates to become to the second-richest person in the world for the first time. On that day he was $54 billion away from Jeff Bezos' $184 billion net worth and his net worth had officially increased $100 billion since January 1, 2020.
On January 7, 2021 Elon's net worth hit $195 billion. On this day Elon eclipsed Jeff Bezos as the richest person in the world for the first time.
On January 8, 2021 Elon ended the week with a net worth of $210 billion after starting the week worth $170 billion.