Fifa could impose transfer bans on any clubs that fail to meet new minimum standards for maternity cover.
Football’s international governing body has for the first time proposed worldwide maternity regulations for female players and coaches.
Under the reforms, players would be entitled to a minimum of 14 weeks of maternity cover, on at least two thirds of their contracted salary.
The proposed regulations will require Fifa Council approval in December.
Fifa’s chief legal and compliance officer, Emilio Garcia Silvero said: “The clubs will not be allowed to terminate the contract of a player on the grounds of a player becoming pregnant.
“If this is the case, we are going to impose not only a fine, and compensation to the player, but also a sporting sanction.
“We are going to impose a transfer ban on the club. From now on, female players will be better protected.
“We think these rules are common sense. There are some countries in which these rights are already there, but we are trying to regulate this for 211 different territories. These basic conditions will be mandatory from 1 January, 2021.”
Under the proposals, clubs will be “under an obligation to reintegrate” players to the club and provide “adequate ongoing medical support”.